Background. The strategic matrix of principles of justice is all that allows domestic justice to be justice and makes it an object and a subject of our culture, gives it (justice) its own, original, non-repeatable identification and makes it the property of Russian civilization. The strategic matrix of principles of justice determines their content and purpose. It is based on spiritual and moral values (beginnings) of the Russian people. In the field of justice, they ensure the formation of a stable, defined and clear mentality of the Russian people, including its national character and national consciousness. The mentality, including the national character and national consciousness of our people, is a key to understanding the strategic matrix of the principles of justice.
Materials and methods. The article analyzes the scientific literature on the research topic.
Results and conclusions. The mentality, being a complex and relatively stable synthetic formation of a spiritual-historical order, provides, firstly, a sustainable approach to the formation of attitudes, world perception, worldview and worldview; secondly, a certain way of thinking of judges (bodies of justice) on the basis of the inherent system of spiritual and moral values of the Russian people; thirdly, the implicit manifestation (but obligatory presence) in the judicial culture, judicial traditions and justice. The means of such security are the principles of justice, which, with their potential, on the one hand, perceive the substantive elements of the mentality,
and on the other – have a regulatory impact on justice itself. The national identity of the Russian community is a manifestation of a higher order mentality.
Being manifested in the principles of justice, it provides the judicial community with an understanding of the domestic justice from the position of the system of traditional spiritual and moral values and the cultural and historical heritage of the Russian people. It is the system of traditional values and the cultural and historical heritage of the Russian people that are the foundation of the principles of justice. In this sense, the principles of righteousness embody the traditional spiritual and moral values and the cultural and historical heritage of our community, religious and ideological elements, as well as the national (state) ideology. The principles of justice
(as well as the overall mentality) are the core of the meaning-value component of justice in general.
1. Fedulov A. M., Karepova S. G., Karabulatova I. S., Akhmetova B. Z., Istamgalin R. S. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie i gumanitarno-filosofskie problemy sovremennoy nauki [Socio-economical and humanitarian-philosophical problems of modern science]. Moscow;
Ufa; Rostov-on-Don, 2015, pp. 103–112.
2. Tsigvintseva G. L. Osobennosti formirovaniya i funktsionirovaniya mentaliteta russkogo naroda: avtoref. dis. kand. filos. nauk [Features of the formation and functioning of the mentality of the Russian people: author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the candidate of philosophical sciences]. Perm, 2005.
3. Badmaeva S. V., Timofeeva E. K. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological sciences and education]. 2010, no. 5, pp. 68–75.
4. Grigor'eva A. A. Russkiy mentalitet: sushchnost' i struktura (sotsial'no-filosofskiy analiz): avtoref. dis. kand. filos. nauk [Russian mentality: essence and structure (sociophilosophical analysis): author’s abstract of dissertation to apply for the degree of the
candidate of philosophical sciences]. Tomsk, 2008.
5. Reshetnikova N. S. Kaspiyskiy region: politika, ekonomika, kul'tura [Caspian region: politics, economics, culture]. 2013, no. 2 (35), pp. 191–197.
6. Posidelova V. V. Filosofiya prava [The philosophy of law]. 2014, no. 1 (62), pp. 34–37.
7. Smyslov V. V. Simbirskiy nauchnyy vestnik [Simbirsk scientific bulletin]. 2016, no. 3 (25), pp. 138–144.
8. Derishev Yu. Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Ser.: Pravo [Omsk university bulletin: Law]. 2008, no. 1 (14), pp. 42–48.
9. Agutin A. V., Goshulyak V. V., Sintsov G. V. Vserossiyskiy kriminologicheskiy zhurnal [All-Russian criminological journal]. 2017, vol. 11, iss. 4, pp. 817–823.
10. Demchenko T. I. Rossiyskiy yuridicheskiy zhurnal [Russian juridical journal]. 2009, no. 2, pp. 26–38.
11. Mamychev A. Yu., Shestopal S. S. Azimut nauchnykh issledovaniy: ekonomika i upravlenie [Azimuth scientific research] 2016, vol. 5, no. 3 (16), pp. 237–241.
12. Fomin V. E. Ratsional'noe i irratsional'noe v russkoy filosofii i kul'ture: proshloe i sovremennost': materialy Vseros. nauch. zaoch. konf. [Rational and irrational in Russian philosophy and culture: past and present: proccedings of All-Russian scientific correspondence conference]. Barnaul, 2003, p. 221.
13. Seleverstova G. A. Rossiya v mirovom soobshchestve: smyslovoe prostranstvo dialoga kul'tur: materialy Mezhdunar. foruma «Vostochnyy vektor migratsionnykh protsessov: dialog s russkoy kul'turoy» [Russia in the world community: the semantic space of the dialogue of cultures: proceedings of international forum “Eastern vector of migration processes: dialogue with Russian culture]. 2016, pp. 171–180.
14. Astapov S. N. Filosofiya prava [Philosophy of law]. 2016, no. 5 (78), pp. 22–25.
15. Bryushinkin V. I. Filosofskie nauki [Philosophical sciences]. 2009, no. 4, pp. 2–74.
16. Kozlova N. N. Lichnost'. Kul'tura. Obshchestvo [Personality. Culture. Society]. 1999, vol. 1, iss. 1, no. 1–2, pp. 71–94.
17. Sobranie zakonodatel'stva RF [Collected laws of the Russian Federation]. 1997, 6 Jan., no. 1, art. 1.